Chapter 1 - Welcome
Chapter 2 - Rules and Regulations
Chapter 3 - Forklift Classes and Certifications
Chapter 4 - Forklifts & Automobiles
Chapter 5 - Forklift Stability
Chapter 6 - Safety and Mishaps
Chapter 7 - Pre-Shift Inspection
Chapter 8 - Standard Forklifts
Chapter 9 - Narrow Aisle Forklifts
Chapter 10 - Powered Pallet Jack
Chapter 11 - Final Considerations
12. Final Exam

Center of Gravity

The “Center of Gravity” (CG) is the point in an object where the weight is evenly dispersed and all sides are in balance. For example, going back to the seesaw example, if no weight is added to the seesaw, it should balance perfectly horizontally as it has an even weight distribution. Every object that has weight or mass has a CG.

Center of Gravity of a Forklift

In a forklift, the CG is the point at which the load and the forklift balance each other. This is because when two objects join or combine, the CG of the objects join to form what is called a combined center of gravity or CCG.

The CG changes as the load is lifted, tilted, or shifted. The location of the CG/CCG of the machine is the greatest factor in determining its stability. It’s crucial to keep the center of gravity within the stability triangle (more on that in the next page) of the forklift to prevent tipping over. Understanding and managing the center of gravity is fundamental to operating a forklift safely.

The location of the CG/CCG of the machine is the greatest factor in determining its stability